Hello,

I would expose a simple post with 2 examples concerning the propagation of a transaction in the application layers (Spring MVC controller, Manager layer, Service Layer, DAO layer) with the use of Propagation.REQUIRED and the readOnly attribute in the @Transactionnal annotation like:

@Transactional(readOnly = true, propagation = Propagation.REQUIRED)

See the official Spring documentation concerning the propagation.

TEST n°1:
In this 1st test, we will study a simple example with a no-transactional Spring MVC controller MyController:

public class MyController extends MultiActionController {
	public ModelAndView handleMyAction(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException, InterruptedException {
		//...
		myManager.myMethod(param1);
		//...
	}

}

… which calls a manager class MyManagerImpl in the sub-layer:

@Transactional(readOnly = true)
@Service("myManager")
public class MyManagerImpl implements MyManager {

	@Override
	@Transactional(readOnly = false, propagation = Propagation.REQUIRED)
	public void myMethod(String param1){
		myService.myMethod(param1);
	}
...
}

… which calls a service class MyServiceImpl in the sub-layer:

@Transactional(readOnly = true) 
@Service("myService")
public class MyServiceImpl implements MyService {

	@Override
	@Transactional(readOnly = false, propagation = Propagation.REQUIRED)
	public void myMethod(String param1){
		//...
		myDao.createOrUpdate(myObject);
		//...
	}
}

… which calls a DAO class MyServiceImpl in the sub-layer:

@Transactional(propagation=Propagation.MANDATORY)
public class MyDaoHibernateImpl extends GenericDaoImpl<MyObject, String> implements MyDao {
	public void createOrUpdate(T o) {	
		//...
		if (o instanceof AbstractPersistentObject) {
			if (((AbstractPersistentObject) o).isCreation()) {
				getSession().saveOrUpdate(o);
			} else {
				getSession().merge(o);
			}
		} else {
			throw new RuntimeException("this method support only AbstractPersistentObject");
		}
		//...
	}

}

So, the result is that the data (in database) are modified/updated because:

  • the Spring MVC controller MyController is no-transactional component,
  • the method MyManagerImpl.myMethod(String param1) is NOT READONLY and supports the current transaction, or will create a new one if none exists (REQUIRED),
  • the method MyServiceImpl.myMethod(String param1) is also NOT READONLY and supports the current transaction, or will create a new one if none exists (REQUIRED),
  • and the latest MyDaoHibernateImpl supports the current transaction and throws an exception if none exists (MANDATORY).

TEST n°2:
In this 2nd test, we will study a more complex example with a no-transactional Spring MVC controller MyController:
[NO CHANGE]

public class MyController extends MultiActionController {
	public ModelAndView handleMyAction(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException, InterruptedException {
		//...
		myManager.myMethod(param1);
		//...
	}

}

… which calls a manager class MyManagerImpl in the sub-layer. In this example, we will modify the attribute readOnly = false to the value readOnly = true:
[CHANGED]

@Transactional(readOnly = true)
@Service("myManager")
public class MyManagerImpl implements MyManager {

	@Override
	@Transactional(readOnly = true, propagation = Propagation.REQUIRED)
	public void myMethod(String param1){
		myService.myMethod(param1);
	}
...
}

… which calls a service class MyServiceImpl in the sub-layer:
[NO CHANGE]

@Transactional(readOnly = true) 
@Service("myService")
public class MyServiceImpl implements MyService {

	@Override
	@Transactional(readOnly = false, propagation = Propagation.REQUIRED)
	public void myMethod(String param1){
		//...
		myDao.createOrUpdate(myObject);
		//...
	}
}

… which calls a DAO class MyServiceImpl in the sub-layer:
[NO CHANGE]

@Transactional(propagation=Propagation.MANDATORY)
public class MyDaoHibernateImpl extends GenericDaoImpl<MyObject, String> implements MyDao {
	public void createOrUpdate(T o) {	
		//...
		if (o instanceof AbstractPersistentObject) {
			if (((AbstractPersistentObject) o).isCreation()) {
				getSession().saveOrUpdate(o);
			} else {
				getSession().merge(o);
			}
		} else {
			throw new RuntimeException("this method support only AbstractPersistentObject");
		}
		//...
	}

}

So, we have:

  • the Spring MVC controller MyController is no-transactional component,
  • the method MyManagerImpl.myMethod(String param1) is READONLY and supports the current transaction, or will create a new one if none exists (REQUIRED),
  • the method MyServiceImpl.myMethod(String param1) is also NOT READONLY and supports the current transaction, or will create a new one if none exists (REQUIRED),
  • and the latest MyDaoHibernateImpl supports the current transaction and throws an exception if none exists (MANDATORY).

… the result is that the data (in database) are NOT modified/updated because the method MyServiceImpl.myMethod(String param1) supports the current transaction which has been created READNLY in the method MyManagerImpl.myMethod(String param1).

That’s all!!!

Huseyin OZVEREN